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Geography 


Geography

Chalkidiki is a peninsula with a distinct form, which is found in the centre of Macedonia. It is geographically separated from the rest of Macedonia with a conceivable line that is extended from the cape of Karampournou. It penetrates Hortiati, the hills southern of Lagada and the lake Volvis and ends in the region southern the passage of Rentina. The main peninsula of Chalkidiki leads to three smaller peninsulas: the Kassandra, the Sithonia and the peninsula of Atho (Saint mountain). The geomorphology of Chalkidiki is extremely interesting. It resembles an inclined geological level, while moving from western to eastern. Thus, in Kalamaria (western side) and in Kassandra we find most of the plains, which are, also, its most fertile regions. In the central region there are raised the mounts of Hortiati (1201 m.), of Holomonta (1165 m.) and of Itamos (in Sithonia, 811 m.) and in the eastern point the splendid mountainous mass of mount Athos(2033 m) . The three peninsulas, that give the impression that stick out from the Aegean Sea, make Chalkidiki the prefecture with the biggest length of coastlines in the continental Greece. The coastline of Chalkidiki exceeds the 500 km, including every type of landscape. From the vast sandy beaches of Kalamaria, Nikitis, Toronis and Ierissos, to the rocky and woody sandy beaches of Sithonia, and from there to the graphic gulves of Vourvourou. Chalkidiki does not have rivers, and this is one of the reasons why the sea that encircles it is one of the cleanest of Greece. The prefecture of Chalkidiki takes up the bigger part of the peninsula, while the northwest sector is part of the prefecture of Chalkidiki. The peninsula of Atho constitutes an independent managerial region. The prefecture of Chalkidiki covers a region of 2.886 km2 and the population reaches the number of 80.000 residents living in 5 cities and 69 villages. The capital of the prefecture is Polygyros with a 4.000 residents' population.

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Geography




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